A Glimpse into the Hindu Calendar: What’s Special About Today?

A Glimpse into the Hindu Calendar: What’s Special About Today?

The Hindu calendar, also known as the Panchang, is a rich and intricate system that governs the daily lives of millions of Hindus around the world. It is based on the movements of the sun, moon, and other celestial bodies and has been followed for centuries. Each day in the Hindu calendar is considered auspicious and is associated with different religious, cultural, and astrological significances. In this article, we will take a glimpse into the Hindu calendar and explore what makes today special.

The Hindu calendar is a lunar calendar that consists of various cycles and calculations. It is different from the Gregorian calendar, which is a solar calendar. The Hindu calendar consists of twelve lunar months, each with twenty-nine or thirty days. Additionally, there are leap months added periodically to align the lunar calendar with the solar year.

One of the unique features of the Hindu calendar is the division of time into different cycles. The smallest unit of time is a “nimesha,” which is equivalent to about 16/75th of a second. From a nimesha, time is divided into progressively larger units such as a “kashtha,” “muhurta,” “day,” “month,” and “year.” These divisions allow for precise calculations and determine the auspicious times for various events and rituals.

In the Hindu calendar, each day is associated with a specific deity, planet, and other astrological significances. These associations are believed to influence the energy and vibrations of the day. For example, Monday is associated with Lord Shiva and the moon, Tuesday with Lord Hanuman and Mars, Wednesday with Lord Ganesha and Mercury, and so on.

Today, the Hindu calendar marks a special day known as “Ekadashi.” Ekadashi is the eleventh day of both the waxing and waning lunar phases. It holds great significance for devout Hindus who observe fasting and perform religious rituals on this day. Ekadashi is believed to be a day of purification and spiritual upliftment. It is said that observing a fast on Ekadashi can cleanse the body and mind, remove negative energies, and bring about spiritual growth.

Ekadashi is also associated with different deities and legends. For example, Vaikunta Ekadashi, which falls in the month of December or January, is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It is believed that on this day, the gates of Lord Vishnu’s abode, Vaikunta, are open for devotees. Observing a fast and performing rituals on Vaikunta Ekadashi is believed to grant liberation and salvation.

Apart from Ekadashi, there are numerous other festivals and observances that make each day special in the Hindu calendar. These include Diwali, Holi, Navaratri, Raksha Bandhan, and many more. Each festival celebrates different aspects of Hindu mythology and culture, and they are celebrated with great devotion and enthusiasm by millions of Hindus worldwide.


Q: How do I find out what is special about a particular day in the Hindu calendar?

A: You can refer to a Hindu calendar or Panchang to find out the significance of a particular day. These calendars are easily available online or in printed form. They provide information about the planetary positions, festivals, auspicious timings, and more.

Q: What are some common rituals associated with Ekadashi?

A: Observing a fast from sunrise to sunset is a common practice on Ekadashi. Devotees abstain from consuming grains and certain food items on this day. They engage in prayers, recite religious texts, and visit temples to seek blessings.

Q: Are all the days in the Hindu calendar considered auspicious?

A: Yes, all the days in the Hindu calendar are considered auspicious in some way or the other. However, certain days like Ekadashi, Purnima (full moon), and Amavasya (new moon) hold greater significance and are observed with special rituals and fasting.

Q: Can anyone follow the Hindu calendar and observe its rituals?

A: Yes, anyone can follow the Hindu calendar and observe its rituals. Hinduism is an inclusive religion that welcomes people from all backgrounds. However, it is important to approach the practices with respect and understanding of their cultural and religious significance.

In conclusion, the Hindu calendar provides a fascinating insight into the rich tapestry of Hindu culture and spirituality. Each day holds unique significance, with festivals, auspicious timings, and associated deities. Observing these rituals and being aware of the specialness of each day can bring a deeper understanding and connection to the Hindu faith.